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This dense, moist, and sticky sweet Gluten-Free Coconut Almond Flour Cake is subtly scented with rose water (or vanilla, if you prefer). It was inspired by the Middle Eastern Cake Harissa, Basbousa, or Namoura.

Gluten-Free Coconut Almond Flour Cake {Inspired by Middle Eastern Cake Harissa} 1

If it snowed where you live over the weekend, I hope you stayed safe and warm and had the chance to enjoy the snow. Or at least bake something delicious!

Mike and I are in DC and we’ve been hunkered down since Friday enjoying the snow. This weekend we had our second snowfall, which was actually a doozy: winter storm Jonas! Being from Buffalo, I am in my element. Although we were starting to go a little stir-crazy by Sunday afternoon, we actually had a lot of fun.

Gluten-Free Coconut Almond Flour Cake {Inspired by Middle Eastern Cake Harissa} 2

Friday night, against my better judgement, Mike convinced me that a drive in the snow would be fun. He was right!

For the first time ever in DC we had the roads (and thruway!) nearly to ourselves. (It bears noting that there was a travel advisory, but no travel ban in effect; we aren’t that much of rebels, lol. And there were just a select few people who were as crazy as us out there, and they may very well have been displaced Buffalonians as well.)

We drove to downtown DC and saw the monuments in the blizzard, which was a beautiful sight. (Take note, even this was not a smart thing to do, so kids – and adult kids – please don’t try this at home. I will say though, Mike’s car handles the snow pretty fabulously.)

Saturday morning (despite the fact that it was still snowing), we had a full brunch out on our snowy balcony.

Our Snowy Brunch

Our Snowy Brunch

And of course this wintry weekend brought baking too!  Asweet friend and fellow blogger, the very talented Dolphia of Story of Cooks, inspired me. (I made her amazing Masala Wraps not long ago!)

Last week, Dolphia messaged me on Facebook with a question about my recipe for Coconut Semolina Cake from my cookbook. After that I mentioned the cake to Mike and he asked me to make it. It had been a very long time since I made it, and I guess this set off a craving, lol!

Gluten-Free Coconut Almond Flour Cake {Inspired by Middle Eastern Cake Harissa} 3

Basbousa, Namoura, or Harissa – The Inspiration for This Almond Flour Cake

This cake is traditional in the Levant area of the Middle East. Mike has always called it Harissa (a term he learned from his Damascene mother), but it also goes by the names Basbousa and Namoura, depending on who you’re talking to and where you are.

The original version of Basbousa cake uses semolina flour as its base. Semolina is a coarse flour made from durum wheat that’s typically used to make things like pasta, couscous, and certain cereals. I have no trouble finding it at my Middle Eastern grocery store and I was planning to pick it up last Friday. However, long story short, the storm nixed that idea.

No problem; I decided I would just find an alternative to semolina flour! I’ve been using almond flour for years to make gluten-free and/or paleo-friendly baked goods, so that idea came to mind and I ran with it. It ended up working really well!

Not only does this Coconut Almond Flour Cake have great texture, but it browns gorgeously on the top and sides, which is exactly what you want here.

Mike liked it so much, he told me to make this cake with almond flour instead of semolina from now on!

Gluten-Free Coconut Almond Flour Cake {Inspired by Middle Eastern Cake Harissa} 4

Almond Flour Cake Recipe

The batter for this cake is fairly stiff and the cake itself should be dry. This is what we want! Because of this, it’s the perfect vessel for soaking up some beautifully-scented sugar syrup.

Sugar syrup is surprisingly easy to make. If you can boil water, I promise, you’ll have no trouble making it! I flavored my syrup (which is called Qater or ‘Atr in Arabic) classically with orange blossom water, but you can switch it up to suit your tastes. However, Mike is partial to orange blossom water, as that’s how he remembers his mom making this dish.

Pro Tip: For the sugar syrup, you can use orange blossom water, rose water, a mix of rose water and orange blossom water, vanilla extract, or any other flavor extract you like.

Another change I made from the original recipe that’s in my cookbook was to cut it in half. It’s just two of us, and being snowed in I definitely didn’t want a full-sized cake lying around!

It was easy to cut the recipe in half, and I baked it in a cute little 6-inch pan. An 8 1/2 by 4 1/2-inch loaf pan should work too, but you may need to slightly adjust the baking time. And it was a pretty good thing I didn’t make a bigger cake because Mike polished off the entire thing (save one teensy slice I had) in a day and a half!

Coconut Almond Flour Cake Recipe with Description

Cutting Cake Into Diamond Shapes

Namoura cake is traditionally cut into pretty little diamond shapes, and so I also cut my Gluten-Free Coconut Almond Flour Cake into diamonds. 

There are a couple things to keep in mind:

  1. Keep the pieces small because they are very rich.
  2. You may want to practice how you’ll cut the cake drawing a circle with pen and paper first! And if you want to keep your lines straight, cut along a ruler or straightedge.

In the end, your diamond-shaped slices will still have a homemade look to it, which I admit, I sort-of love. (Mine always do anyway! This is what we food bloggers like to call “rustic”, lol.)

Gluten-Free Coconut Almond Flour Cake {Inspired by Middle Eastern Cake Harissa} 5

How to Grease a Cake Pan

Because it’s a little different than the norm, I want to mention that I used tahini to grease the pan for this cake.

Butter, clarified butter (ghee), or coconut oil are more common for American cakes. However, my Syrian mother-in-law taught me to grease the cake pan for this type of cake with tahini, so that’s what I always do.

I really enjoy the slight nuttiness that tahini lends to the bottom and sides. I think it’s a good balance to the overall sweetness. However, clarified butter or coconut oil will both work fine here!

To grease a cake pan, simply dip a paper towel (or clean fingers) into tahini and rub in in inside (bottom and sides) of a cake pan.

More Middle Eastern Dessert Recipes:

Gluten-Free Coconut Almond Flour Cake {Inspired by Middle Eastern Cake Harissa} 6

Did you make this recipe? Please rate it and leave a comment below because I love hearing from you! You can also tag @anediblemosaic on social media. To stay up-to-date FOLLOW ME on Instagram, Twitter, and Facebook. Xoxo, Faith

Gluten-Free Coconut Almond Flour Cake (Inspired by Middle Eastern Cake Harissa)

4.50 from 2 votes
Prep Time20 minutes
Cook Time35 minutes
Other Time2 hours
Servings: 7 servings
This dense, moist, and sticky sweet Gluten-Free Coconut Almond Flour Cake is subtly scented with rose water (or vanilla, if you prefer). It was inspired by the Middle Eastern Cake Harissa, Basbousa, or Namoura.

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Scented Sugar Syrup:



  • Prepare the Scented Sugar Syrup first. To do so, add the sugar, water, and lemon juice to a medium, thick-bottomed saucepan, and bring to a boil over medium heat, giving the pan an occasional swirl and skimming off any foam on the surface. Turn the heat down slightly and boil 2 minutes. Turn off the heat and stir in the rose water or orange blossom water; let it cool to room temperature while you make the cake.
  • For the cake, preheat oven to 375F; brush the tahini on the inside of a 6-inch (15.25 cm) round baking pan.
  • Whisk together the almond flour, arrowroot starch, tapioca starch, baking powder, salt, and sugar in a large bowl. Stir in the butter and then the milk until combined, and then fold in the coconut.
  • Transfer the batter to the prepared pan and spread it out evenly; let it sit for 10 minutes.
  • Score the batter into 1-inch (2.5 cm) square or diamond shapes with a sharp knife, periodically dipping the knife in hot water and drying it off before continuing to score the batter; place 1 almond in the center of each diamond.
  • Bake until the sides and top are golden brown, about 30 minutes. (If the sides are brown but the top isn’t, you can broil the cake for a couple minutes to brown the top.)
  • Once out of the oven, cut the cake along the lines you scored. Slowly pour the cooled syrup onto the hot cake. Let the cake sit at room temperature 2 hours to absorb the syrup before serving.


  • Recipe adapted from the recipe for Coconut Semolina Cake (Harissa) in my cookbook, An Edible Mosaic: Middle Eastern Fare with Extraordinary Flair (Tuttle Publishing; Nov. 2012).
  • If you can't find blanched almonds, you can easily make them yourself with whole almonds. (1) Place fresh, shelled (raw and unsalted) almonds in a heat-safe bowl; (2) pour in enough boiling water to fully cover the almonds; (3) let the almonds sit for 1 minute, then pour into a mesh sieve, rinse under cold water, and drain; and (4) hold one almond at the wide end between your thumb and forefinger and gently squeeze – the skin should slip right off.
  • For the scented sugar syrup, you can use orange blossom water, rose water, vanilla, or any other extract you like.
  • For the milk in the cake, I’ve successfully used whole milk, 2%, and plain unsweetened almond “milk”.
  • If you don’t have tahini to grease the cake pan, you can use clarified butter or coconut oil instead.


Calories: 320kcal | Carbohydrates: 32g | Protein: 5g | Fat: 21g | Saturated Fat: 9g | Cholesterol: 20mg | Sodium: 22mg | Potassium: 123mg | Fiber: 3g | Sugar: 24g | Vitamin A: 242IU | Vitamin C: 1mg | Calcium: 90mg | Iron: 1mg

Nutritional information is automatically calculated and should be used as an approximate.

Course: Dessert
Cuisine: Middle Eastern
Keyword: Almond Flour Cake

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Coconut Almond Flour Cake Recipe Pin

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Faith, author of An Edible Mosaic.
About Faith

I’m the writer, recipe developer, photographer, and food stylist behind this blog. I love finding the human connection through something we all do every day: eat! Food is a common ground that we can all relate to, and our tables tell a story. It’s my goal to inspire you to get in the kitchen, try something new, and find a favorite you didn’t know you had.

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Recipe Rating


  1. 4 stars
    Very tasty and so pretty… but I couldn’t really taste the rose flavour even though I increased it. Maybe the rose water we have here is too diluted… but I also thought maybe the almond flour (tasty but its own thing) dominated a bit.. maybe I’ll try with white cornflour (much cheaper than almond, too) and more rose water next time… Thanks so much for the recipe

  2. 5 stars
    This tasted amazing! If I didn’t make it myself I would have thought I was eating the real deal! I grew up with the original Namoura/basboussa/harissa. But I was very recently diagnosed with celiac after a traumatic surgery, and have been absolutely heartbroken about all the Middle Eastern food that I can’t eat anymore. Your picture of this dessert on instagram caught my eye and stopped my scrolling. I immediately went to your website and decided to make it for our Easter dessert. It was a hit!! I only have one question please, I did not have arrowroot starch so I substituted corn starch 1:1. Then I made sure all the butter was evenly incorporated before adding the milk. My mixture was rather watery even after letting it sit for 30 mins. So I couldn’t score it with any kind of diagonal lines. I then partially baked it took it out of the oven and scored it and added the decorative almonds on top then quickly returned it to the oven to finish baking. It still tasted amazing but I would rather avoid that hassle. What did I do wrong? Was the corn starch substitution the culprit or over mixing the butter to incorporate it evenly then adding the milk? I would love to know, since I intend to make it again and again. Thank you for this gluten-free recipe alteration.

    1. Lily, Thank you so much for your thoughtful comment, I’m so happy you enjoyed this cake! When I developed this recipe using arrowroot starch, I also stirred the butter in before stirring in the milk, so I don’t think that’s the issue. My guess is that it’s due to the cornstarch. You could try slightly increasing the amount of cornstarch (maybe use 3 tablespoons cornstarch to replace the 2 tablespoons arrowroot starch, and if you still can’t score the dough, maybe go up to 4 tablespoons cornstarch). I hope this helps! Please let me know how it goes if you try it again with more cornstarch.

  3. I made this with almond milk and monk fruit sugar instead of regular sugar. Smells delicious!

  4. Tessa | Salted Plains says:

    Such a beautiful cake! I am so intrigued about trying tahini as an agent to grease the baking pan. Love that idea.

    Sounds like an awesome winter outing you two had – I wish we’d get a good snow here so we could do the same!

  5. Amanda Paa says:

    I absolutely loved reading this post. Brave souls you are venturing out in the blizzard! It is kind of fun to be out when it’s a winter wonderland isn’t it? And how amazing did your brunch on the patio look? So stunning with all the white fluffiness around,

    I am so intrigued by this cake, and so unique that you greased the pan with tahini. I can’t wait to try that. It almost seems like a pound cake, but a little fluffier and more flavor depth. So beautiful, Faith!

  6. Oh wow my mouth is watering, I love almond and coconut and that brunch yum yum. Keep warm and safe Diane

  7. Patricia @ Grab a Plate says:

    Wow, wow, wow – this cake looks amazing! I can just imagine the sweetness & stickiness to it – perfect with a hot cup of tea. Lovely. I was in DC once for work during a big storm. Not as big as Jonas, but it was still bizarre!

  8. Erin @ Dinners, Dishes, and Desserts says:

    I saw your balcony brunch on IG and it was gorgeous!! Not sure I would have lasted more than 30 seconds, but pretty! This cake sounds wonderful. Perfect baking for a snowy weekend!

  9. This looks so tender and moist, Faith. :-)

  10. Laura (Tutti Dolci) says:

    I love baking with almond flour and this is such a lovely cake!

  11. Cookin Canuck says:

    Those roses are so pretty and it sounds like I need to start my weekends with this almond cake. Yum!

  12. Justine | Cooking and Beer says:

    This is absolutely gorgeous! I could totally wake up to a slice of this!

  13. Sharon @ What The Fork Food Blog says:

    This is a beautiful cake! Almonds, coconut, rosewater, it sounds amazing.

  14. Jamielyn@iheartnaptime says:

    Looks like the perfect treat! Cannot wait to try this!

  15. A tempting cake. Perfect with a cup of tea…



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